Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

damages: see compensation

deadlines: see AB procedure, dates and deadlines; AB reports, timing of circulation (DSU 17.5/WP 26); evidence (admissibility and evaluation in panel proceedings) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3), time-limits for submission; evidentiary rules (AD 6/SCM 12), “ample opportunity to present in writing all evidence” (AD 6.1); “withdrawal of subsidy without delay” (SCM 4.7)

death of member of AB division W. W.

decision-making/exclusive authority of Ministerial Conference and General Council to adopt WTO/MTA interpretations (WTO IX:2) W.4.1A

see also AB reports; interpretation of covered agreements

binding effect W.4.1A.3

determination of DSU rules and procedures C.3.1.1

Doha Ministerial Decision, status as authoritative interpretation W.4.1A.5–6

procedures W.4.1A.2–7

“exercise of authority on basis of recommendation of Council overseeing [Agreement under consideration]” W.4.1A.2 W.4.1A.4 W.4.1A.5

Members sitting as Ministerial Conference or General Council, limitation to W.4.1A.2

rationale/importance of strict compliance W.1.4 W.4.1A.2–3 W.4.1A.5

three-fourths majority W.4.1A.2 W.4.1A.4

“shall not undermine the amendment provisions in [WTO X]” I.3.9A.1 W.4.1A.2

“subsequent agreement” (VCLT 31(3)(a)) distinguished W.4.1A.7

interpretations by Members other than under WTO IX:2 W.4.1A.7

determination of dumping (AD 2)

see also determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15); determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4) (requirements); dumping/margin of dumping, definition/constituent elements (AD 2.1/GATT VI:1); MFN treatment (GATS II), determination of violation, requirements; tax discrimination (GATT III:2), determination of violation, requirements

in absence of comparable sales (AD 2) A.3.8A.1

calculation of administrative, selling and general costs and profits (AD 2.2.2)

see also cost of production (AG 9.1(c)), measurement

low-volume sales, relevance (AD 2.2.2 chapeau) A.3.10

“weighted average” (AD 2.2.2(ii)) A.3.11.1–2

need for more than one exporter or producer A.3.11.1

sales not in the ordinary course of trade (“actual amounts incurred and realized”) A.3.11.2

calculation of margins of dumping (AD 2.4)

actual product under investigation/type or model, distinction A.3.14.1 A.3.14.8–9 A.3.14.24 A.3.14.26 A.3.39.2

AD 2.2 A.3.8A.1

asymmetrical comparison (AD 2.4.2, second sentence) A.3.14A

calculation of “all other” AD duty rate (AD 9.4), applicability to A.3.42.1

comparison of weighted average normal value with weighted average of all comparable export transactions A.3.14.2 A.3.14.7 A.3.14.9 A.3.42.1

“like product”/“comparable” equation A.3.14.3

multiple averaging (AD 2.4.2) A.3.14.6 A.3.14.9–11 A.3.14.14

product types/product as a whole (AD 2.4.2) A.3.14.12–13 A.3.60.5 A.3.65.12 A.3.65.16

method, right to choose, GATT VI:2 A.3.14.5 A.3.40A.3–6 A.3.65.8

transaction-to-transaction basis (AD 2.4.2) A.3.8A.1 A.3.14.14–32 A.3.28A.5 A.3.28A.5 A.3.60.6

zeroing A.3.14

methodologies (AD 2.4.2), relevance of distinction A.3.14.12–26 A.3.40A.7–8 A.3.60.6–7 I.3.7.11

negative differences A.3.14.2 A.3.14.4

calculation of normal value, eligible transactions (AD 2.1)

affiliated party transactions A.3.5.2

comparability of price A.3.5.1

“like product” A.3.5.1

relationship with other AD provisions A.3.8

sale “destined for consumption in exporting country” A.3.5.1

sale “in ordinary course of trade” A.3.5.1

constituent elements S.2.36.4

“due allowance … for differences which affect price comparability” A.3.13A

burden of proof A.3.13A.3–4

fair comparison (AD 2.4) A.3.6 A.3.12

affiliated party transactions A.1.6.1 A.3.12.1

assessment of AD duty (AD 9.3), applicability to A.3.12.2–3

“at same level of trade” requirement A.1.6.1 A.3.12.1

comparison methodologies (AD 2.4.2) A.3.12.3–6

indication to parties of information necessary for/avoidance of unreasonable burden of proof A.3.12.8–9

judicial economy considerations J.1.24

NMEs A.3.12.8–9

injurious effect on domestic industry, relevance (AD 2/GATT VI:1) A.3.1.1

margin of dumping (AD 2) as ceiling (AD 9.3) A.3.40A.4 A.3.65.14

methodology, Members’ freedom to choose A.3.51.1

“normal value … in the ordinary course of trade” (AD 2.1) A.1.3

comparing prices A.3.3.3

scrutiny rules A.3.3.4

omission of “comparison” A.3.9A.1–2

period of investigation (POI)

discretionary selection of data from period within POI A.3.2.1

duration, absence of provision A.3.2.1

sales transaction not “in the ordinary course of trade”

affiliated party transactions A.3.4.1–2

distortion of normal value, Members’ discretion A.3.4.2

sales above cost A.3.9.1

“consider all available evidence on the proper allocation of costs” (AD

“all available evidence” A.3.9A.2

“consider” A.3.9A.1–2

double remedies (GATT VI:5) S.2.44.4

NMEs and (GATT VI:1, second Ad Note) S.2.44.4

“reasonably reflect” the costs of production (AD A.3.9B.1–2

sales below cost, method for determining (AD 2.2.1) A.3.4

alternative methods, possibility of A.3.9.1

transaction on terms and conditions incompatible with normal commercial practice A.3.3.2

weighted average (AD 2.2.2(ii)) A.3.11.2

zeroing (AD 2.4.2) A.3.8A.1

sunset review (AD 11.3), applicability to: see sunset review (AD 11.3)

determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15)

see also determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4) (requirements)

AD 3.1 and SCM 15.1 as overarching principle governing interpretation of AD 3 and SCM as a whole S.3.1.13

calculation of volume of dumped imports (AD 3.1 and 3.2)

calculation of “all other” AD rate (AD 9.4), relevance A.3.44

see also “positive evidence”/“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) below

calculation of volume (AD 2.1) compared A.3.7

freedom to choose method A.3.18

“positive evidence”/“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.7.1 A.3.18.1–3

AD 9.4, relevance A.3.44.1 A.3.44.3

AD 17.6(ii), relevance A.3.60.3–5

comparability of prices requirement A.3.20.14 S.2.24B.12

reference to as sufficient indication of legal basis of claim (DSU 6.2) R.2.2.10

consideration of the volume of dumped imports and their effects on prices (AD 3.2/SCM 15.2) A.3.20 S.2.24B

“consider” A.3.20.3 S.2.24B.1

country-by-country analysis, need for A.3.20 A.3.20.1 A.3.21.2

“effect” A.3.20.4 A.3.20.6 S.2.24B.2

lowering of prices by domestic producers in anticipation of undercutting A.3.20.15

“effect of such imports” in relation to depression or suppression of domestic prices A.3.20.4 A.3.20.6–13 S.2.24B.4–11

evaluation of causal relationship (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) distinguished A.3.20.10–12 S.2.24B.8–10

sufficiency of either import volume or prices A.3.20.17 S.2.24B.15

elements relevant to “significant price undercutting” and significant price depression distinguished A.3.20.5 A.3.23A.2 S.2.24B.3

“essential facts” (AD 6.9/SCM 12.8) A.3.36A.3–4

parallel price trends, possible explanations A.3.20.16

“positive evidence”/“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.21.1

rationale A.3.21.4

volume and prices as “effects” (AD 3.3) A.3.21.3

country-by-country analysis/cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.3)

“positive evidence”/“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.21.1

sunset review A.3.21.5–6 A.3.48A

determination of actual injury and threat compared A.3.27.3

determination of effect of subsidized imports (GATT VI VI:6(a)), relevance S.2.25A.6

determination of serious prejudice (SCM 6 and SCM 15) distinguished S.2.25A.5

evaluation of causal relationship (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5)

absence of provision for/freedom of choice A.3.22 A.3.22.7 A.3.22.9 A.3.24.8 E.3.2.4

collective effect, need for examination A.3.26 S.2.24A.2

demonstration of injury, relevance A.3.15.3–4 A.3.23.5 A.3.23A.1 S.2.24A.3–5 S.2.24B.7 S.2.25A.1 S.2.25A.8–9

effects of subsidies and of subsidized imports, distinguishability S.2.25A.2

evaluation of factors known not to exist, relevance A.3.26.4

“examination of all relevant evidence” A.3.23A.2 S.2.25A.9

failure to establish prima facie case R.4.3.5

injurious effects of dumped goods and of other factors, need to distinguish (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) A.3.24.3–7 A.3.26.1

non-attribution to dumped imports of injury caused by other factors (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) A.3.24 A.3.26.3 S.1.43 S.2.25A.3

separate record of evaluation of each factor, whether required A.3.22.2

evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4/SCM 15.4) A.3.22

consistency with WTO agreements of all elements of causality analysis, need for A.3.23A S.2.25A

evaluation of causal relationship (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) distinguished A.3.23.5 S.2.25

examination of all relevant economic factors and indices A.3.22.1–2

examination of relevance of factor not listed in AD 3.4, right to A.3.22.3

structure of domestic industry A.3.22.5

growth A.3.22.8

evaluation of other AD 3.4 factors A.3.22.3–4

manner of evaluation A.3.23

“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.22.4

sectoral analysis, right to A.3.22.3

examination of other known factors (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) A.3.25

dumping and injury analysis/causality analysis, distinguishability A.3.25.3–4

“known” to investigating authority A.3.25.1

other than dumped imports” A.3.25.1

simultaneous injury to domestic industry requirement A.3.25.1

framework/disciplines A.3.15.4 A.3.20.9 S.2.24A.3–5

individual margins of dumping (AD 6.10): see individual margins of dumping “as a rule” (AD 6.10)

“injury” (AD 3, Footnote 9) A.3.15A.1

applicability to AD as a whole A.3.52A.1

“injury” (SCM 15, Footnote 45) S.2.24A

“positive evidence”/“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1)

calculation of volume of dumped imports A.3.7.1 A.3.44.1 A.3.44.2

confidential/undisclosed evidence A.3.16.2

country by country analysis/cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.2) A.3.21.1

“objective examination” A.3.17

definition of domestic industry (AD 4.1) A.3.27A.2

evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4/SCM 15.4) A.3.22.4

extrapolation of examined producer/exporter findings to non-examined producers/exporters (AD 6.10) A.3.19.3–6 S.2.27.1 n. 189

good faith/fairness A.3.17.2

industry as a whole, need to examine A.3.17.3–4 A.3.17.6 A.3.22.6

proportional attribution between examined and non-examined producers/exporters A.3.19.5–6

“positive” A.3.16.3–6 A.3.17.1

in case of producers/exporters examined individually A.3.19.1

reference to as sufficient summary of legal basis of claim (DSU 6.2) R.2.2.9

sampling A.3.17.7

standard of review (AD 17.6(ii)): see standard/scope of review (AB) (AD 17.6)

substantive obligations as focus of AD 3 A.3.15

underlying principles (AD 3.1) A.3.15

sunset reviews and: see sunset review (AD 11.3), applicability of, AD 3 (determination of injury)

threat of material injury (AD 3.7/SCM 15.7): see threat of material injury, determination/requirements (AD 3.7/SCM 15.7)

determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4) (requirements)

applicable law M.5.6 S.1.4.1 S.1.20.1–2

customs unions and free trade areas (GATT XXIV) exception R.1.6.2

“domestic industry” (SG 4.1(c)) S.1.25

see also “like or directly competitive product” (SG 2.1/SG 4.1(c))

“producers as a wholeS.1.25.5

evaluation of all relevant factors (SG 4.2(a)) S.1.2.1–3 S.1.26 S.7.4.2–3

“of an objective and quantifiable nature” (SG 4.2(a)) S.1.27.1 S.1.31.7

as a whole S.1.27.2–4

data from recent past/throughout investigation period, relative importance S.1.28.1–2

“evaluation” S.1.26.1

“factors other than increased imports” (SG 4.2(b))

see also determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15); evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4/SCM 15.4)

application of measures “to the extent necessary” (SG 5.1) S.1.36

“at the same time” S.1.29.2–3 S.1.30.2

imports excluded from safeguard measure as S.1.14.1

methodology S.1.30.1–2

non-attribution, need for demonstration of S.1.14.2 S.1.30.1–2 S.1.31

purpose of provision S.1.36.2 S.2.25A.2

inclusion of all listed factors in notification to Committee on Safeguards (SG 12.2) S.1.41.2

obligation of competent authorities to seek information additional to that supplied by interested parties S.1.26.2

“serious injury” (SG 4.1(a)) as factor S.1.26.1

“under such conditions” (SG 2.1), equivalence S.1.12.1

reasoned and adequate explanation S.1.2.1–3 S.1.14.1–2 S.1.26.5 S.1.31.5 S.1.31.7 S.1.46.1–3 S.7.4.2 S.7.4.4 S.7.5.1

“serious injury” (SG 4.1(a)) S.1.23

see also safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX), conditions (SG 2), “such increased quantities”

as continuum A.1.32A.2 S.1.23.2–3

“material injury” (AD 3, SCM 15.7 and GATT VI) distinguished S.1.23.1

“serious injury”, higher threshold S.1.24.2

“serious injury” (SG 5.1) distinguished S.1.35.2

“serious injury” (SG 4.1(a))/“threat of serious injury” (SG 4.1(b)), quota modulation (SG 5.2(b)) S.1.37

“threat of serious injury” (SG 4.1(b)) S.1.24

“clearly imminent” S.1.24.1

developing countries (exemption from safeguard measures (SG 9.1)) S.1.39

“applied” S.1.39.2

“against a product” S.1.39.2

expected effect of measure, relevance S.1.39.3

list of excluded countries requirement S.1.39.1

developing countries (implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (“particular attention should be paid … ”) (DSU 21.2)) ARB.5.10

developing country as implementing vs. complaining party ARB.5.10.5 ARB.5.10.7–8 ARB.5.10.11–12 ARB.5.10.14–15


article as a whole ARB.5.10.7 ARB.5.10.8 ARB.5.10.9 ARB.5.10.11

object and purpose ARB.5.10.7

title ARB.5.10.8

“matters” ARB.5.10.7

“particular attention” ARB.5.10.4 ARB.5.10.9

“particular circumstance” (DSU 21.3(c)), whether ARB.5.10.3 ARB.5.10.6 ARB.5.10.8–9 ARB.5.10.12 ARB.5.10.15

“reasonable period of time” (DSU 21.3)

economic and social conditions, relevance ARB.5.10.15

flexibility of legislative process, obligation to use ARB.5.10.6

need for consultation with, relevance ARB.5.10.10

shortest period possible within Member’s normal legislative process ARB.5.10.5 ARB.5.10.6 ARB.5.10.12

special interests as developing country, need to demonstrate ARB.5.10.2 ARB.5.10.5 ARB.5.10.7 ARB.5.10.9 ARB.5.10.13

developing countries (special and differential treatment (SCM 27)) S.2.35

see also balance of payments restrictions, GATT XVIII:11, Proviso (change in development policy); Enabling Clause

de minimis subsidization threshold (SCM 27.10 and 27.11) S.2.35.2

obligations of developing country Members (SCM 27.4) (phase-out/standstill) S.2.35.1

on basis of level “granted” (SCM 27.4, Footnote 55) S.–3

inflation, relevance S.

as positive obligations S.2.35.1

“prohibited” subsidy status (SCM 3.1(a)) S.

special and differential nature of treatment S.2.35.1

developing countries (special needs in respect of SPS measures (SPS 10)) S.6.19.4 n. 1398 S.6.21.2 n. 1398

differential treatment: see developing countries (special and differential treatment (SCM 27)); Enabling Clause

directly competitive or substitutable products (GATT III:2, Ad Note to second sentence) D.1 N.1.5 N.1.6

see also determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4) (requirements); “like product” (GATT III:2); tax discrimination (GATT III:2); transitional safeguards (ATC 6), “domestic industry producing like and/or directly competitive products”


see also “like product” (GATT III:2), criteria; “like product” (GATT III:4), criteria

consumer preferences D.1.8 D.1.13 N.1.6

cross-price elasticity D.1.7 N.1.5.1 N.1.6.5

directness of the competition N.1.6.8

end-uses N.1.5.1

interchangeability D.1.2 D.1.11 N.1.6.1

market place N. N.1.5.1

market as a whole D.1.14 N.1.6.11

physical characteristics N.1.5.1

potential to compete as determining factor D.1.10 D.1.11 N.1.6.1

price D.1.12 N.1.6.9

tariff classifications N.1.5.1

trade effect N.1.1.1 N.1.4.2 N.1.4.3 N.1.8.5

determination on case by case basis D.1.8–9 N.1.5.1 N.1.6.6–7

as dynamic relationship (including possibility of latent demand) D.1.1–2 D.1.4–5 D.1.13 N.1.6.1–3 N.1.6.10 N.1.6.12

“like product” (GATT III:2, first sentence), interrelationship D.1.3 N.–4 N.1.5

object and purpose of provision D.1.4 D.1.6 N.1.6.2 N.1.6.4 N.1.6.10

objective assessment D.1.8–9 N.1.6.7

ordinary meaning D.1.2 N.1.6.1

disclosure/discovery obligation: see due process (dispute settlement proceedings)

discretion: see abuse of discretion (panel); due process (dispute settlement proceedings); Working Procedures (panel) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3)

discrimination: see countervailing duties (SCM Part V), non-discriminatory basis (SCM 19.3); Enabling Clause; General Exceptions (GATT XX) (chapeau), application of measure as arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination; MFN treatment (GATS II); MFN treatment (GATT I); MFN treatment (TRIPS 4); non-discriminatory administration of quantitative restrictions (GATT XIII); regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4); SPS Agreement, arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination, exclusion (SPS 2.3); SPS measures, appropriate level of protection (SPS 5.5-5.6), consistency in application (SPS 5.5), discrimination or disguised restriction of trade resulting from inconsistency (SPS 2.3); State trading enterprises (GATT XVII) (STEs), obligation to comply with GATT principles of non-discriminatory treatment (GATT XVII:1(a)); tax discrimination (GATT III:2)

“disguised restriction on international trade”: see General Exceptions (GATT XX) (chapeau), “disguised restriction on international trade”

Dispute Settlement Body (DSB), competence of panel/ASB in relation to

interpretation of provisions relating to the functioning of the DSB or dispute settlement process C.3.1.6 D.1A.1

review of DSB actions in a particular dispute, exclusion D.1A.1

in relation to SCM Annex V procedure C.3.1.6 S.2.40A.9 S.2.40A.15

dispute settlement (SCM 30)

joint applicability of DSU and SCM provisions S.2.40A.1

special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2)

SCM 4.7 (recommendation for withdrawal of subsidy) J.1.21 S.2.19.4 S.7.7.2

SCM Annex V S.2.40A.1 S.2.40A.10

Doha Ministerial Decision T.4.6

as authorative interpretation (WTO IX:2) T.4.6.1 W.4.1A.5–6

as subsequent agreement (VCLT 31(3)(a)) T.4.6.1 T.4.6.4

domestic court decisions, acceptability as evidence B.3.1.13 M.5.8

“domestic industry” (AD 4.1/SG 4(1)(c)) A.3.27A

fragmented industry A.3.27A.3

“a major proportion” A.3.27A.1–8

25% benchmark test (AD 5.4) A.3.27A.6

burden of proof A.3.27A.5

as collective output of “domestic producers as a whole” A.3.27A.1

“a relatively high proportion substantially reflecting” A.3.27A.5

sampling on self-selection basis, risk of distortion A.3.27A.7

object and purpose of defining (AD 3, Footnote 9) A.3.27A.2 A.3.27A.4

objective examination obligation (AD 3.1) A.3.27A.2

time-limits for determining, investigating authorities’ right to impose A.3.27A.8

domestic judicial proceedings, obligation to comply with DSB recommendations and rulings within a reasonable period of time (DSU 21) A.3.40C.1–2 A.3.53B.1–2 M.5.18 R.4.0.12–13

domestic support commitments (AG 6)

domestic support, right to provide (AG 3) A.1.20.2

export subsidy disciplines, applicability A.1.28.1

domestic support/export subsidy regimes, need to maintain distinction (AG 3) A.1.20 A.1.28.1 A.1.36.1–2

cost of production test A.1.20 A.1.36.1

spill-over effect of permitted domestic support A.1.20.3–5 A.1.26.5–8 A.1.36.1–2

Footnotes, status A.1.37.4

as quantitative limitation (AG 6.3) A.1.14A

“subsidies contingent … upon the use of domestic over imported goods” (SCM 3.1(b)) distinguished A.1.14A.2–3 A.1.34E.3–5 A.1.38.2–12 I.3.7.10

domestic support measures, calculation of AMS (AG Annex 3)

applicability to non-“green box” support (AG 13(b)(ii)) A.1.34C.5.1

“market price support” (Annex 3(8)), “eligible” A.1.35.1

measures directed at processors benefitting producers (Annex 3(7)) A.1.34E.1–5

inclusion in AMS limited to portion benefitting producer A.1.34E.2

domestic support measures, exemption from GATT XVI and SCM Part III measures (AG 13) (“due restraint” (peace clause))

“green box” support (AG 13(a)) A.1.34C.1.1–2

non-“green box” support (AG 13(b)) A.1.34C.1.2 A.1.34C.2.1–6 A.1.34C.3.1–4

“such measures do not grant support to a specific commodity in excess of” (AG 13(b)(ii)) A.1.34C.2.1–6 A.1.34C.3.1–4

actual support requirement A.1.34C.3.1

calculation method (AMS methodology (AG Annex 3)) A.1.34C.5.1 A.1.34C.5.1

“commodity” A.1.34C.2.2

“grant” and “decided” distinguished A.1.34C.4.1–2

“specific” A.1.34C.2.3–4 A.1.34C.3.1–4

“such measures” A.1.34C.2.5–6

“support” A.1.34C.2.2

domestic support measures, exemption from reduction commitments (AG Annex 2) (“green box”) A.1.34C.1.1–2

decoupled income support (Annex 2(6)) A.1.34C.1.2 A.1.34D.2.1–9

amount of payments and type or volume of production, separation requirement (Annex 2(6)(b)) A.1.34D.2.1–9

lawful production, limitation to A.1.34D.2.9

“no production” (Annex 2(6)(e)) distinguished A.1.34D.2.7–8

structural adjustment assistance (Annex 2(11)) distinguished A.1.34D.3.1–2

clearly defined criteria in defined period requirement (Annex 2(6)(a)) A.1.34D.2.1

“fundamental requirement” (Annex 2(1)) A.1.34D.1.1–2

double remedies (concurrent imposition of AD and CV duties) (GATT VI:5)

see also countervailing duties (SCM Part V)

accession protocol (China)

absence of reference to, relevance S.2.27.12

continuing possibility of application of countervailing duties to China as NME, effect A.2.2 I.3.10.33 S.2.27.12 S.2.27.13

applicability to domestic subsidies S.2.44.3

double counting as S.2.27.3 S.2.44.1

as context for SCM 19.3 S.2.44.3

exclusion (SCM 10) S.2.27.8

NME methodology S.2.27.3 S.2.27.14 S.2.27.15 S.2.27.16 S.2.27.17 S.2.36.13 S.2.44.1 S.2.44.2

supplementary means of interpretation (VCLT 31 and 32), relevance I.3.10.33 S.2.27.13

double taxation measures, justification (Illustrative List, SCM Annex I(item (e)), Footnote 59) S.2.38

applicable law/Member’s right to determine applicable rules S.2.38.5 S.2.38.7 S.2.38.10 S.2.38.13

common elements S.2.38.7

burden of proof S.2.38.3

as exception to prohibited subsidies rule (SCM 3.1(a)) S.2.38.1

“foreign-source income” S.2.38.4–13

drafting history: see interpretation of covered agreements, legislative history (domestic); interpretation of covered agreements, preparatory work (VCLT 32)

DSB: see Dispute Settlement Body (DSB)

DSU, applicability (DSU 1.1)

see also special or additional rules and procedures for dispute settlement (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2)

see and the Table of References to the Covered Agreements by Article

balance of payments restrictions (GATT XVIII:8) J.2.1.4–7

consultation and dispute settlement in anti-dumping (AD 17) A.3.54.1 L.1.2

market access concessions and commitments (AG 4.1)/GATT 1994, consistency A.1.37.2

obligation to ensure conformity (AD 18.4) A.3.62.1

obligatory recourse to (DSU 23) R.2.2.12

security and predictability as objective (DSU 3.2) C.3.1.3 P.1.1.4 P.4A.6 P.4A.13 R.0.7 R.4.3.2 S.8.5

DSU, obligatory recourse to (DSU 23) R.0

continued suspension of concessions after removal of inconsistent measure (DSU 22.8) as R.0.2–7

DSU 23.1 and 23.2, linkage and relationship (“in such cases” (DSU 23.2 chapeau)) R.0.1

exclusive forum rule (DSU 23.1) R.0.1

“seeking redress”, continued application of previously authorized suspension of concessions, whether R.0.2

unilateral action, exclusion (DSU 23.2) R.0.1

illustrative nature of listed actions R.0.1

due diligence requirement:transitional safeguards (ATC 6), serious damage or actual threat thereof (ATC 6(2)), Member’s determination of, due diligence requirement

due process (application of trade measures) D.2.1

due process (dispute settlement proceedings) D.2.2

see also sunset review (AD 11.3), parties’ rights; Working Procedures (Appellate Review) (DSU 17.9); Working Procedures (panel) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3)

amendment of measures during proceedings D.2.2.17 R.2.3.10

amicus curiae briefs A.2.2.6

see also amicus curiae briefs

as balance of interests D.2.2.36–37 D.2.2.41 S.4.22

completion of the legal analysis (AB) (DSU 17.6) C.4.56

confidentiality of proceedings (DSU 17.10/DSU 18.2) C.6.4 W.


consultations C.7.1 D.2.2.4

fact-finding procedures D.2.2.5

panel proceedings C.7.1 D.2.2.4 T.6.1.4 W.3.5

expert evidence/experts D.2.2.26–30 E.3.2.38 S.4.15–18 S.7.3.49

fair and orderly conduct of proceedings A.2.3.1 D.2.2.26 D.2.2.33 R.2.2.8 T.6.2.9

full argumentation of issues, need for A.1.38.15 C.4.27

as fundamental principle D.2.2.33

judicial economy J.1.10

notification to respondents and possible third parties of nature and parameters of case D.2.2.32

objection to procedures, timeliness: see competence (panels), objections, requirements

opportunity to respond to evidence/presentations of other parties B.3.3.15 D.2.2.9–10 D.2.2.19–21 E.3.2.2 O.1.13–16 P.3.1.14 R.2.2.14 S.1.19.2 T.6.2.16–17 W.3.11

defence, time-limits for raising O.1.14–16 S.7.2.5

failure of party to object to timing of defence D.2.2.25 O.1.16

as fundamental tenet B.3.3.15 D.2.2.10 D.2.2.21 D.2.2.36 O.1.14

opportunity to comment on panel’s analysis distinguished D.2.2.40 S.7.2.29

right to prompt settlement (DSU 3.3) D.2.2.36 P.4A.26

panel reports, rationale (DSU 12.7) D.2.2.34 P.1.1.4–5 W.3.9

obligation to discuss with parties, whether D.2.2.40 S.7.2.29

panel working procedures as basis for D.2.2.5–6 D.2.2.33 W.3.10

sufficiency of compliance with D.2.2.37 E.3.2.41 S.7.1.14 W.3.11

panel’s discretion on matters of procedure (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3) D.2.2.2–3 D.2.2.11 D.2.2.24 D.2.2.35 E.3.2.40 J.2.1.3 O.1.1 W.3.10

abuse of discretion C.3.1.3 E.3.1.2 S.8.5

panel’s obligation to address issues raised by parties (DSU 7.2/12.7) D.2.2.12 D.2.2.14 D.2.2.31 J.1.9 J.1.13 J.2.1.12

panel’s right to adjust timetable S.7.2.5

participation in panel proceedings by third parties (DSU 10) D.2.2.3 D.2.2.11 D.2.2.16

participation in panel proceedings initiated by another complainant (DSU 10) M.4.3

prejudice to party, relevance D.2.2.7 R.2.2.10 R.2.3.3 T.6.2.7–9

“reasonable period of time” requirement (DSU 21.3) ARB.5.12.8

request for establishment of panel (DSU 6.2) D.2.2.32 R.2.1.16–18 R.2.2.8 R.2.2.27 T.6.1.24 T.6.1.25–26 T.6.2.7–9

terms of reference, role D.2.2.1 J.2.1.1 R.2.1.1 R.2.1.6 R.2.2.14 T.6.1.2 T.6.1.10 T.6.2.16–17

timely presentation of facts/evidence D.2.2.35 E.3.2.40 W.3.10

failure to present facts and arguments prior to first substantive meeting with panel D.2.2.39 W.3.12

late submission of new supporting evidence and new issue distinguished D.2.2.38 E.3.2.42

due process (investigation of dumping (AD 6)) A.3.29.1

confidential information (AD 6.5) A.3.32A.5–6

due process (review of trade regulations (GATT X:3(b))) P. P. P.

due restraint: see domestic support measures, exemption from GATT XVI and SCM Part III measures (AG 13) (“due restraint” clause); judicial economy; proportionality

dumping duties, imposition and collection: see imposition and collection of AD duties (AD 9)

dumping/margin of dumping, definition/constituent elements (AD 2.1/GATT VI:1) A.3.1A

AD 2.1/GATT VI:1 as definitional provisions not imposing independent obligations A.3.8.4 A.3.65.19

decision on compliance with GATT VI:1 as preliminary to determining compliance with GATT I:1 A.3.64.4–5 M.2.1.6

exporter-specific concept A.3.1A.1–5

injurious effect on domestic industry/causal link A.3.65.1 A.3.65.9–11

intention of dumping, relevance A.3.1.1 A.3.61.1 M.5.7

margin of dumping (GATT VI:2) A.3.1A A.3.65.17

product-related A.3.1A.1–3 A.3.14.32 A.3.65.17

“for the purpose of this agreement” (AD 2.1)/applicability of AD 2.1 definition throughout Agreement A.3.1A.1 A.3.1A.5 A.3.8.1–4 A.3.9–10 A.3.39.2 A.3.40A.9 A.3.42.1 A.3.49

duration and review of AD duties and price undertakings/CV measures (AD 11/SCM 21) S.2.29–32

see also sunset review (AD 11.3)

obligation to review (AD 11.2/SCM 21.2) A.3.44B.1–2 S.2.31.5 S.2.31.8–9

original investigation and review distinguished S.2.29.2–3

reassessment of cash-deposit rate, relevance A.3.44B.4

requirements (AD 11.2/SCM 21.2)

burden/standard of proof S.2.31.3–4

elapse of reasonable period of time A.3.44B.1–2 S.2.31.8

link between dumping and injury A.3.44B.5

“positive information” A.3.44B.1 S.2.31.8

termination “immediately” following determination that duty no longer warranted (AD 11.2/SCM 21.2) A.3.44B.3 A.3.44B.5 S.2.31.4

Abbreviations used on this page