Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

tariff concessions: see Schedules of Concessions (GATT II)

tariff quotas: see non-discriminatory administration of quantitative restrictions (GATT XIII)

tax discrimination: see national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2)

tax exemption

as circumvention of export subsidy commitments A.1.32.2, A.1.32.4, S.2.5, S.2.9.7, S.2.37.1

see also subsidy, definition (SCM 1), financial contribution (SCM 1.1(a)(1))

Illustrative List of Export Subsidies (SCM Annex I) (item (e)) S.2.37.1, S.2.38

right to consider treaty provisions not cited by parties C.2.4-5

TBT Agreement

applicability to pre-existing measures T.5.3.1-2

“international standards … as a basis for technical regulation” (TBT 2.4)

applicability to existing regulations T.4.5

“as the basis” T.4.3.1

“except when … ineffective or inappropriate” T.4.4.1

legitimacy of objective (TBT 2.2/2.4), relevance T.4.4.2

“relevant parts of them” T.4.3.2

legitimate objectives (TBT 2.2/2.4) T.4.4.2

standards (Annex 1.2), consensus, relevance (Annex 1.2 and Explanatory note) T.4.2.1

“technical regulation” (Annex 1.1) T.4.1

identifiability requirement T.4.1.4-5, T.4.1.7

naming and labelling distinguished T.4.1.9

technical regulations: see TBT Agreement

termination: see countervailing duties (SCM, Part V), termination; notice of appeal, requirements (AB/WP 20(2)), amendment; Working Procedures (appellate review) (DSU 17.9), withdrawal of appeal (AB/WP 30)

termination of investigation of dumping (AD 5.8/SCM 11.9): see investigation of dumping (AD 5) / subsidy (SCM 11), termination (AD 5.8/SCM 11.9)

terms of reference of panels (DSU 7)

see also competence (panels); competence of panels and AB (DSU 3.2); judicial economy; request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2); review of implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21.5), competence of DSU 21.5 (compliance) panel; standard of review (panels) (DSU 11)

as definition of jurisdiction / legal claims at issue D.2.2.1, J.2.1.1, R.2.1.1, R.2.1.6, T.6.1.1-2, T.6.1.10, T.6.1.19

legal claim included in terms of reference, limitation of jurisdiction to C.2.1, C.2.3, J.2.1.3, M.3.2, T.6.1.2, T.6.1.5, T.6.2.18

due process and D.2.2.1, J.2.1.1, R.2.1.1, R.2.1.6, T.6.1.2, T.6.1.10


to address relevant provisions in covered agreement[s] cited by parties (DSU 7.2) J.1.9, T.6.2.21

see also due process (dispute settlement proceedings), panel’s obligation to address issues raised by parties (DSU 7.2/12.7)

to examine entirety of claims J.2.1.16-22

to make such findings as will assist the DSB (DSU 7.1) J.1.9, J.1.23

to notify respondents and potential third parties of nature and parameters of dispute D.2.2.32, R.2.1.15

to scrutinize request for establishment of panel for compliance with DSU 6.2 R.2.1.6, T.6.1.10

request for establishment of panel as basis R.2.1.2, R.2.1.11-12, T.6.1.3

Textiles and Clothing Agreement (ATC), transitional safeguards (ATC 6): see transitional safeguards (ATC 6)

third party rights T.8, W.2.9

AB proceedings (DSU 17.4/WP 24) W.2.9

passive participation in oral hearings W.2.9, W.2.9.1-9, W., W., W.

oral presentation W.2.9.8-9

timing of submission W.2.9.10

translation W.2.9.11

panel proceedings (DSU 10 and Appendix 3)

claims, exclusion T.8.6

interests to be taken into account (DSU 10.1) T.8.5

Members “having substantial interest in a matter before a panel”, limitation to (DSU 10.2) A.2.1.2, A.2.1.8

panel’s discretion and circumscription, exclusion D.2.2.16

enhancement in accordance with due process D.2.2.16, T.8.1-3

participation in (DSU 10) D.2.2.3, D.2.2.11, D.2.2.16, T.8.5

submissions, right to (DSU 10.3) T.8.4, T.8.5

“threat” (AG 10.1) A.1.32A.1, M.1.10

threat of injury: see determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15); safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX), conditions (SG 2); transitional safeguards (ATC 6), serious damage or actual threat thereof (ATC 6(2)), Member’s determination of

time-limits: see evidence (admissibility and evaluation in panel proceedings) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3), time-limits for submission; evidentiary rules (AD 6/SCM 12), “ample opportunity to present in writing all evidence” (AD 6.1); “withdrawal of subsidy without delay” (SCM 4.7); Working Procedures (appellate review) (DSU 17.9), working schedule (WP 26)

trade names, protection

Paris Convention (1967) (PC 8) P.2.3.1-2, T.9.2.1-3

TRIPS and P.2.3.1-2, T.9.2

TRIPS Agreement T.9.1.1-2

trademarks (Paris Convention (1967) (PC))

see also TRIPS Agreement, trademarks

expropriation P.3.3.1-2

registration in country other than that of applicant’s origin

acceptance of trademark registered in country of origin according to domestic legislation in that country (PC 6quinquies) P.2.2.1

“as is” / “telle quelle” P.2.2.2-3

ownership issues and P.2.2.3

as right going beyond that granted to nationals P.2.2.1

right of Paris Union Members to determine conditions (Art. 6(1)) P.2.1.1

trading rights commitments, “goods” and “services”, distinguishability A.0.1.2

transitional safeguards (ATC 6)

application of measure on Member-to-Member basis (ATC 6.4)

attribution of damage from “sharp and substantial increase in imports” T.7.6

comparative analysis T.7.6.1, T.7.6.3-5

from “a Member” T.7.6.2

from “Members individually” T.7.6.1

as balance of rights and obligations T.7.1.1

“domestic industry producing like and/or directly competitive products”, criteria, “like product” T.7.5.1

“domestic industry producing like and/or directly competitive products” (ATC 6.2) T.7.3

“directly”, competition between unlike products (ATC 6.2) T.7.4.1

“directly competitive”, interchangeability test T.7.4.1-2

“like product” (ATC 6.2), competitive relationship, need for T.7.6.1

good faith obligation to withdraw if evidence emerges to show critical factual error, whether P.3.1.6, T.7.1.2

“directly” T.7.4.1

“like product” (ATC 6.2), competitive relationship, need for T.7.6.1

provisional application (ATC 6.11) T.7.8

retroactivity (ATC 6.10) R.3, T.7.7

serious damage or actual threat thereof (ATC 6(2)), Member’s determination of due diligence requirement, available evidence, limitation to E.3.1.4, S.7.6.1, T.7.2.2

procedure, absence of provision T.7.2.1

standard of review, DSU 11, applicability S.7.6.1

transitional nature of ATC (ATC, preamble) T.7.1.2

travaux pr´eparatoires: see interpretation of covered agreements, preparatory work

TRIPS Agreement

see also national treatment (TRIPS 3); trade names, protection, Paris Convention (1967) (PC 8); trademarks (Paris Convention (1967) (PC))
enforcement of intellectual property rights (TRIPS, Part III)

avoidance of barriers to trade and abuse of procedures (TRIPS 41.1) T.9.10.2

civil judicial procedures (TRIPS 42) T.9.10

“available” T.9.10.4, T.9.10.6

“right holders” T.9.10.6-7

“substantiate their claims” T.9.10.7

effective remedy, need for (TRIPS 41.1) T.9.10.2

“fair and equitable” requirement (TRIPS 41.2 and 42) T.9.10.3-8

international minimum standard (TRIPS 1.1) T.9.10.2, T.9.10.3, T.9.10.7

existing rights, applicability to (TRIPS 70.2) P.3.4.4, T.9.9, T.9.13

acts occurring before date of application of TRIPS (TRIPS 70.1) distinguished P.3.4.4, T.9.11, T.9.12

obligation to provide means for filing applications relating to delayed application of TRIPS 27 (TRIPS 70.8) T.9.14

exclusive marketing rights, requirements (TRIPS 70.9) and T.9.15

“intellectual property conventions” (TRIPS 2) T.9.2

“intellectual property” (TRIPS 1.2) T.9.1, T.9.10.1

limitation to categories identified in TRIPS section titles, whether T.9.1, T.9.3.1

trade names T.9.2, T.9.2.3

patents, term of protection (TRIPS 33) T.9.7

acquisition (TRIPS 62.2) distinguished T.9.8.1

economic consequences of termination of non-WTO consistent measure, relevance ARB.5.9.1


denial of protection on “other grounds” (TRIPS 15.2) T.9.4


exclusive rights (TRIPS 16.1) T.9.5

registration or use as basis T.9.5, T.9.6.1-2

“protectable subject-matter” (TRIPS 15) T.9.3


Abbreviations used on this page